Former Research Projects
Information about all former research projects that are available in English can be found here.
„Citizenship after the Nation-State” (CANS) ist ein länderübergreifendes Projekt, in dessen Rahmen Daten in 15 Regionen aus fünf europäischen Ländern – Deutschland, Österreich, Spanien, Großbritannien und Frankreich – erhoben werden. Über eine systematische, vergleichende Umfrageforschung wird CANS es ermöglichen, darzulegen, inwieweit das klassischerweise auf die nationale Ebene bezogene „citizenship“-Konzept einen Prozess der Denationalisierung bzw. Regionalisierung durchlaufen hat. Dabei werden verschiedene theoretische Erklärungen für einen solchen Regionalisierungsprozess untersucht, anhand von Variablen wie regionaler Identität, dem Einfluss von regionalen Regierungen und regionalen wirtschaftlichen Unterschieden. Für Deutschland wird die Untersuchung in den drei Bundesländern Bayern, Thüringen und Niedersachsen ein besseres Verständnis vom Einfluss eines föderalen Regierungssystems auf die Regionalisierung von „citizenship“ – gemessen über politische Partizipation und soziale Solidarität – ermöglichen. Gerade angesichts der in Deutschland geführten Reformdebatte bezüglich eines Übergangs vom kooperativen hin zu einem kompetitiven Föderalismus ergibt sich zudem die Möglichkeit, zu überprüfen, inwieweit ein von dem kompetitiven Föderalismusmodell vorausgesetztes, stärker regionalisiertes „citizenship“-Verständnis bereits in der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung verankert ist.
Gefördert von: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Fördersumme: 250.000 €
Projektteam: Prof. Dr. Roland Sturm (Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg), Prof. Dr. Dieter Roth (Universität Heidelberg), Dipl.-Pol. Julia Oberhofer (Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg)
The European competition policy and anti-trust legislation have changed fundamentally in the last few years. Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2003 strengthened the national administrations and courts and increased responsibilities of businesses. To implement the new regulation, the European Commission has installed a European Competition Network (ECN), consisting of the national competition authorities and the European Commission itself. Its objective is to co-ordinate efficiently the competition policies of EU member states and to create a European competition culture. The project is aimed at researching the workings and the effects of the ECN. Do national authorities really take similar decisions in comparable situations? Can an emerging common European competition culture be identified? To answer these questions, we carry out a comparative survey of German, Hungarian and UK national competition agencies. We also take a look at the European level investigating the policies of the Commission and anti-trust decisions taken so far. The project is sponsored by German Research Foundation.
Sponsored by: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Research period: 2007/2009
Grant: 114.920 €
Team: Prof. Dr. Roland Sturm (manager), Dipl.-Pol. Ingo Schorlemmer, Dipl.-Pol. Joß Steinke, Kristina Chmelar, Patrik Stör
- Networking Political Culture – The Governance of EU Anti-Trust Policies (this is a draft, please do not quote without author’s permission)
- Workshop programme
The topic of this research project is the Europeanisation of political, social, and administrative structures in Hungary, Poland and Romania. It starts from the assumption that the Eastern enlargement of the EU has confronted the accession countries with considerable pressures to adapt to demands, formulated especially by the European Commission. The Commission is in this role because it is – generally speaking -the engine of integration and because of its special role in regional policy-making and with regard to EU enlargement policies, which it coordinates. The project assumes that the demands of enlargement lead to a process of „auto-Europeanisation“ in the accession countries, i.e. an adaptation process which anticipates the consequences of integration. The EU incentives for the modernisation of societies in the accession countries clash with geographical-administrative and political-institutional patterns of social interaction which are deeply embedded in the historical traditions of regional administrations and societies, and which for political actors are difficult to overcome. It would be wrong to assume that EU incentives for change on the one hand and political, social and administrative structures in the accession countries on the other can be brought into harmony without conflict. It is much more likely that the process of Europeanisation results in a „misfit“ or „mismatch“ of europeanised and national structures. This also means that the final result of Europeanisation will not follow one model, but will reflect national distortions and will on the regional level create a synthesis representing different regional realities in different ways.
The research project will identify the problems which result from the different expectations and different institutional demands and political cultures on the European level and among the accession countries with regard to the Europeanisation of their regions. One of the most obvious fault lines separates the work of public administrators, which is based on national traditions, and regional policies, where they are influenced by „Europe“ and are embedded in the wider context of economic policy-making. The research project investigates different regional patterns of institutional adaptation to Europeanisation. It asks how long it takes to take up challenges and how new regional realities are legitimised on the regional/ sub-national level.
The theoretical background for this kind of research can be found in the literature on European integration and the explanatory models developed here, especially when research questions focus on either the role of regions and their growing importance or the dynamics of institutional consequences of Europeanisation. Of special importance in this context are theories of the policy process, especially new institutionalism and network analysis.
The research project is very much interested in problem-solving. The compatibility of regional social and administrative developments in Central and Eastern Europe and European policies affecting the regions is one of the crucial preconditions for making the eastern enlargement of the EU a success story and for the future of a „Europe of the Regions“. The research project intends to highlight inefficiences of the process of Europeanisation and difficulties when it comes to legitimise the new realities in Central and Eastern Europe. It identifies specific national conflicts and ways to overcome these conflicts. Based on empirical research in the three countries investigated here strategic conclusions are drawn which will enable other accession countries, too, to cope with the regional challenge of Europeanisation.
Sponsored by: Volkswagen Foundation
Research period: 01.09.2003-31.08.2005
Grant: ca. Euro 248.300,-
Team: Prof. Dr. Roland Sturm (Responsible), Dr. Jürgen Dieringer (Coordination), Zsuzsanna Kicsi (Research assistant, Romania), Monika Olewinska (Research assistant, Poland)
Co-operation partners: Andrássy-Universität Budapest (Hungary), Zentralinstitut für Regionalforschung (University Erlangen-Nürnberg,) Europäisches Zentrum für Föderalismus-Forschung (Tübingen), Prof. Dr. László Csaba, Central European University, (Budapest, Hungary), Prof. Dr. Ovidiu-Coriolan Pecican (University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania), Prof. Dr. Roman Szul (University of Warsaw)
The principal aim of the project is to describe the traditional core executives and their networks and processes, as well as their responses to the various challenges. Four major states of the European Union will be studied: France, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands. More especially, the project will focus on the policy ambitions of the core executives which have been triggerd by challenges, as well as on their political and institutional capacity to translate policy ambitions into co-ordinated programmes. Four main sectors will be studied: European Union policymaking, budget-making, immigration and public sector reform (including privatisation). Prof. Roland Sturm and Markus M. Müller are in charge of “budget-making” in Germany. The project will concentrate largely on the initiation, agenda-setting and formulation phases of policymaking in which core executives have been involved, and will look at the implementation and evaluation phase of programmes, only to the extent that there exists clear feedback of implementation and evaluation actors upon the programmes formally adopted.
Gefördert von: ESRC Whitehall Programme
Projektteam: Prof. Dr. Vincent Wright (co-manager, Nuffield College, Oxford University), Prof. Jack E. S. Hayward (co-manager, Director of the Social Studies Faculty Centre, Oxford University), Prof. Dr. Roland Sturm (Erlangen), Markus Müller (Erlangen)